Summer is just around the corner and with this the beginning of the holiday for many first-time parents who will surely opt for some sunny destination to enjoy the summer season. However, these newly released as parents will not be granted a second of rest when it comes to protecting the health of your baby. Ahead of their concerns, several pharmacies in Aragon have received 7,000 copies of the My Baby guide, edited by the Pharmacists Association of Zaragoza, to respond to the most common doubts of parents of children less than three years of age regarding diet, Hygiene, general care, and so on.
These tips are particularly useful for them:
1. A baby under six months of age should not be exposed directly to the sun:
Pediatricians and dermatologists advise not to put a newborn in direct contact with the sun, because the skin of such a small child is especially sensitive to the negative effects of ultraviolet rays. For this reason, doctors do not recommend taking a newborn to the beach and warn the parents of infants for more than a month to keep it under the umbrella during a day at the beach or in the pool, except first thing in the morning In the morning and late in the afternoon.
2. Sunscreens are not recommended before six months:
Pediatricians indicate that the best sunscreen for a baby under six months is shade. Sunscreens, even those with a higher index of protection, may not exert enough shielding effect on the skin of a child so small, as they have such sensitive skin that they are in great danger of being irritated by the chemical components of sunscreens. From six months on, they can be used in small quantities in the most sensitive areas.
Because the skin of a newborn cannot come into direct contact with the sun, doctors recommend daily walks to synthesize vitamin D normally obtained through direct exposure to the sun. A few minutes of walking, between five and twenty, will be sufficient for the bones of a baby under six months to get the vitamin D they need. Specialists say that in the summer the best thing is not to take the baby out for a walk between eleven in the morning and four in the afternoon.
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4. The effects of the sun on the skin, especially dangerous up to three years:
That parents will have to take care of a baby less than six months does not mean that they should be unconcerned as soon as their child turns six months and one day. In fact, although sun care should be extended throughout life, it is especially important during the first three years and should be prolonged during childhood.
5. The sunscreen should be applied correctly:
The photoprotector can be used from six months and in moderation until the child reaches one year. It should be applied half an hour before exposing the baby to the sun ; Specialists recommend extreme caution in the face, lips, neck, head, torso, ears and backs of the feet, and administer the cream every two hours. It is convenient to prevent a child from being in direct contact with the sun between eleven in the morning and four in the afternoon.
6. It is necessary to choose specific protectors for children:
The protection factor of the cream that is chosen should be the highest possible, from fifty onwards. It is also important to choose a texture suitable for the fragile skin of a child; some pediatricians recommend that parents choose creams, milks or sun lotions, because they are more moisturizing than those presented in the form of foams and gels. Finally, the sunscreen that parents choose to use will have to be especially resistant to water and friction, which will combat both UVB rays and UVA rays.
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7. Clothing is the best coat of a baby:
Although parents have applied sun protection to the baby, pediatricians recommend dressing him in pure cotton clothing and never forget to cover his head with a cap . They also warn not to over-cover the child so that he remains at a cool temperature and does not sweat or suffer heat strokes.
8. Avoid heat stroke by proper hydration:
The ability to regulate the body of a child less than three years is limited and, therefore, exposing it to the sun could suffer a heat stroke. This can happen even if the child wears sun cream, because it protects against the harmful effects of the sun but does not combat the heat. To prevent a possible heat stroke parents will have to keep the baby sufficiently hydrated, giving him to drink as much liquid as necessary.
9. Protection should be administered even if the child is not under sun exposure:
The photoprotector application should not be limited to when the child is in contact with the sun but parents will also have to cream the baby when he is in the shade, and even on cloudy days.
10. Water, grass, sand and snow reflect the sun’s rays:
Parents will especially have to take care of the protection of the baby’s skin in the pool, the beach, the snow and the field, or wherever there are elements that enhance the solar radiation.